1. a quick reply to a question or remark (especially a witty or critical one)

    Synonyms : comeback, counter, replication, retort, return, riposte
    Type Of : response, reply
    Examples :
    • it brought a sharp rejoinder from the teacher
  2. (law) a pleading made by a defendant in response to the plaintiff's replication

    Type Of : pleading


  1. understood in a certain way; made sense of

    Synonyms : taken
    Examples :
    • an open door interpreted as an invitation


  1. in a subtle manner

    Examples :
    • late nineteenth-century French opera at its most beautiful, subtly romantic with a twilight melancholy


  1. a contagious viral disease that is a milder form of measles lasting three or four days; can be damaging to a fetus during the first trimester

    Synonyms : epidemic roseola, german measles, three-day measles
    Type Of : measles, morbilli, rubeola


  1. free movement or passage (as of cytoplasm within a cell or sap through a plant)

    Type Of : travel, change of location
    Examples :
    • ocean circulation is an important part of global climate
    • a fan aids air circulation
  2. (library science) the count of books that are loaned by a library over a specified period

    Type Of : count
  3. movement through a circuit; especially the movement of blood through the heart and blood vessels

    Type Of : organic phenomenon
  4. number of copies of a newspaper or magazine that are sold

    Type Of : count
    Examples :
    • by increasing its circulation the newspaper hoped to increase its advertising
  5. the dissemination of copies of periodicals (as newspapers or magazines)

    Type Of : spreading, public exposure, airing, dissemination
  6. the spread or transmission of something (as news or money) to a wider group or area

    Type Of : spread, spreading


  1. deeply agitated especially from emotion

    Synonyms : overwrought
    Examples :
    • distraught with grief


  1. a soft yellow malleable ductile (trivalent and univalent) metallic element; occurs mainly as nuggets in rocks and alluvial deposits; does not react with most chemicals but is attacked by chlorine and aqua regia

    Synonyms : atomic number 79, au
    Type Of : noble metal
  2. a deep yellow color

    Synonyms : amber
    Type Of : yellowness, yellow
    Examples :
    • he admired the gold of her hair
  3. having the deep slightly brownish color of gold

    Synonyms : aureate, gilded, gilt, golden
    Examples :
    • long aureate (or golden) hair
    • a gold carpet
  4. made from or covered with gold

    Synonyms : gilded, golden
    Examples :
    • gold coins
    • the gold dome of the Capitol
    • the golden calf
  5. coins made of gold

    Type Of : precious metal
  6. great wealth

    Type Of : wealth, riches
    Examples :
    • Whilst that for which all virtue now is sold, and almost every vice--almighty gold
  7. something likened to the metal in brightness or preciousness or superiority etc.

    Type Of : valuableness, invaluableness, pricelessness, preciousness
    Examples :
    • the child was as good as gold
    • she has a heart of gold


  1. provoking horror

    Synonyms : frightful, horrible, horrifying, ugly
    Examples :
    • an atrocious automobile accident
  2. shockingly brutal or cruel

    Synonyms : flagitious, grievous, monstrous
    Examples :
    • murder is an atrocious crime
  3. exceptionally bad or displeasing

    Synonyms : abominable, awful, dreadful, painful, terrible, unspeakable
    Examples :
    • atrocious taste


  1. the trait of avoiding excesses

    Synonyms : moderation
    Antonyms : intemperance
    Type Of : restraint, control, natural virtue
  2. abstaining from excess

    Synonyms : sobriety
    Type Of : abstinence
  3. the act of tempering

    Type Of : combination, combining, compounding


  1. obtain from a substance, as by mechanical action

    Synonyms : express, press out
    Type Of : get, acquire
  2. take out of a literary work in order to cite or copy

    Synonyms : excerpt, take out
    Type Of : take, select, pick out, choose
  3. a passage selected from a larger work

    Synonyms : excerpt, excerption, selection
    Type Of : passage
  4. a solution obtained by steeping or soaking a substance (usually in water)

    Synonyms : infusion
    Type Of : solution
  5. remove, usually with some force or effort; also used in an abstract sense

    Synonyms : draw out, pull, pull out, pull up, rip out, take out, tear out
    Type Of : withdraw, take, remove, take away
    Examples :
    • extract a bad tooth
    • extract information from the telegram
  6. deduce (a principle) or construe (a meaning)

    Synonyms : draw out, educe, elicit, evoke
    Type Of : construe, interpret, see
  7. extract by the process of distillation

    Synonyms : distil, distill
    Type Of : create, make
  8. calculate the root of a number

    Type Of : cipher, calculate, compute, cypher, figure, reckon, work out
  9. get despite difficulties or obstacles

    Type Of : obtain
    Examples :
    • I extracted a promise from the Dean for two new positions
  10. separate (a metal) from an ore

    Type Of : separate