1. something intended to misrepresent the true nature of an activity

    Synonyms : blind
    Type Of : deceit, deception, misrepresentation
    Examples :
    • he wasn't sick--it was just a subterfuge


  1. make real or concrete; give reality or substance to

    Synonyms : actualise, actualize, realise, realize
    Type Of : make, create
    Examples :
    • our ideas must be substantiated into actions
  2. establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts

    Synonyms : affirm, confirm, corroborate, support, sustain
  3. represent in bodily form

    Synonyms : body forth, embody, incarnate
    Type Of : be
    Examples :
    • The painting substantiates the feelings of the artist
  4. solidify, firm, or strengthen

    Type Of : strengthen, beef up, fortify
    Examples :
    • The president's trip will substantiate good relations with the former enemy country


  1. a writ issued by court authority to compel the attendance of a witness at a judicial proceeding; disobedience may be punishable as a contempt of court

    Synonyms : subpoena ad testificandum
    Type Of : writ, judicial writ
  2. serve or summon with a subpoena

    Type Of : process, serve, swear out
    Examples :
    • The witness and her records were subpoenaed


  1. so surprisingly impressive as to stun or overwhelm

    Synonyms : astonishing, astounding, staggering
    Examples :
    • the figure inside the boucle dress was stupefying
  2. making physically stupid or dull or insensible

    Examples :
    • a stupefying blow to the head
    • the stupefying effects of hemp
  3. shocking with surprise and consternation

    Examples :
    • the stupefying impact of the tragedy


  1. a proud stiff pompous gait

    Synonyms : prance, swagger
    Type Of : gait
  2. to walk with a lofty proud gait, often in an attempt to impress others

    Synonyms : cock, prance, ruffle, sashay, swagger, tittup
    Type Of : walk
    Examples :
    • He struts around like a rooster in a hen house
  3. brace consisting of a bar or rod used to resist longitudinal compression

    Type Of : brace, bracing


  1. of speech sounds produced by forcing air through a constricted passage (as `f', `s', `z', or `th' in both `thin' and `then')

    Synonyms : continuant, fricative, sibilant, spirant
  2. unpleasantly loud and harsh

    Synonyms : raucous
  3. being sharply insistent on being heard

    Synonyms : shrill
    Examples :
    • strident demands
  4. conspicuously and offensively loud; given to vehement outcry

    Synonyms : blatant, clamant, clamorous, vociferous
    Examples :
    • strident demands


  1. an elaborate or deceitful scheme contrived to deceive or evade

    Synonyms : contrivance, dodge
    Type Of : strategy, scheme
  2. a maneuver in a game or conversation

    Synonyms : gambit, ploy
    Type Of : manoeuvre, maneuver, tactical manoeuvre, tactical maneuver


  1. having or revealing little emotion or sensibility; not easily aroused or excited

    Synonyms : impassive
    Examples :
    • a silent stolid creature who took it all as a matter of course
    • her face showed nothing but stolid indifference


  1. stir up or tend; of a fire

    Type Of : tend


  1. seeming unaffected by pleasure or pain; impassive

    Synonyms : stoical
    Examples :
    • stoic courage
    • stoic patience
    • a stoical sufferer
  2. someone who is seemingly indifferent to emotions

    Synonyms : unemotional person
    Type Of : adult, grownup
  3. a member of the ancient Greek school of philosophy founded by Zeno

    Type Of : philosopher
  4. pertaining to Stoicism or its followers