1. (civil law) a law established by following earlier judicial decisions

    Synonyms : case law, common law
    Type Of : civil law
  2. a system of jurisprudence based on judicial precedents rather than statutory laws

    Synonyms : case law, common law
    Type Of : law, jurisprudence
  3. an example that is used to justify similar occurrences at a later time

    Synonyms : case in point
    Type Of : instance, representative, example, illustration
  4. a subject mentioned earlier (preceding in time)

    Type Of : subject, topic, theme
  5. preceding in time, order, or significance


  1. not secure; beset with difficulties

    Synonyms : shaky
  2. affording no ease or reassurance

    Synonyms : unstable
    Examples :
    • a precarious truce
  3. fraught with danger

    Synonyms : parlous, perilous, touch-and-go
    Examples :
    • the precarious life of an undersea diver


  1. a preliminary introduction to a statute or constitution (usually explaining its purpose)

    Type Of : introduction
  2. make a preliminary introduction, usually to a formal document

    Type Of : premise, introduce, precede, preface


  1. an adherent of philosophical pragmatism

    Type Of : realist
  2. a person who takes a practical approach to problems and is concerned primarily with the success or failure of her actions

    Type Of : realist


  1. concerned with practical matters

    Synonyms : matter-of-fact, pragmatical
    Examples :
    • a matter-of-fact (or pragmatic) approach to the problem
  2. of or concerning the theory of pragmatism

    Synonyms : pragmatical
  3. guided by practical experience and observation rather than theory

    Synonyms : hard-nosed, hardheaded, practical
    Examples :
    • not ideology but pragmatic politics
  4. an imperial decree that becomes part of the fundamental law of the land

    Synonyms : pragmatic sanction
    Type Of : imperial decree


  1. having great influence

    Synonyms : powerful
  2. having or wielding force or authority

    Synonyms : strong
    Examples :
    • providing the ground soldier with increasingly potent weapons
  3. (of a male) capable of copulation

    Synonyms : virile
    Antonyms : impotent
  4. having a strong physiological or chemical effect

    Synonyms : stiff, strong
    Antonyms : impotent
    Examples :
    • a potent toxin
    • potent liquor
    • a potent cup of tea


  1. any liquid suitable for drinking

    Synonyms : beverage, drink, drinkable
    Type Of : nutrient, food, liquid
  2. suitable for drinking

    Synonyms : drinkable


  1. maintain or assert

    Synonyms : contend
    Type Of : claim
  2. (logic) a proposition that is accepted as true in order to provide a basis for logical reasoning

    Synonyms : posit
    Type Of : proposition
  3. take as a given; assume as a postulate or axiom

    Synonyms : posit
    Type Of : presuppose, suppose
  4. require as useful, just, or proper

    Synonyms : ask, call for, demand, involve, necessitate, need, require, take
    Examples :
    • This intervention does not postulate a patient's consent


  1. occurring or coming into existence after a person's death

    Examples :
    • a posthumous award
    • a posthumous book
    • a posthumous daughter


  1. all of the offspring of a given progenitor

    Synonyms : descendants
    Type Of : biological group
    Examples :
    • we must secure the benefits of freedom for ourselves and our posterity
  2. all future generations

    Type Of : generation