1. unnecessary and unwarranted

    Synonyms : needless, uncalled-for
  2. costing nothing

    Synonyms : complimentary, costless, free, gratis
  3. without cause

    Examples :
    • a gratuitous insult


  1. without payment

    Synonyms : for free, free of charge
    Examples :
    • I'll give you this gratis
  2. costing nothing

    Synonyms : complimentary, costless, free, gratuitous


  1. gnaw into; make resentful or angry

    Synonyms : eat into, fret, rankle
    Type Of : vex, annoy, bother, chafe, devil, get at, get to, gravel, irritate, nark, nettle, rag, rile
  2. scratch repeatedly

    Synonyms : scrape
    Type Of : rub
  3. make a grating or grinding sound by rubbing together

    Synonyms : grind
    Type Of : fragmentize, break up, fragment, fragmentise
    Examples :
    • grate one's teeth in anger
  4. a barrier that has parallel or crossed bars blocking a passage but admitting air

    Synonyms : grating
    Type Of : barrier
  5. a frame of iron bars to hold a fire

    Synonyms : grating
    Type Of : framework, frame
  6. a harsh rasping sound made by scraping something

    Type Of : noise
  7. furnish with a grate

    Type Of : supply, furnish, provide, render
    Examples :
    • a grated fireplace
  8. reduce to small shreds or pulverize by rubbing against a rough or sharp perforated surface

    Type Of : rub
    Examples :
    • grate carrots and onions
    • grate nutmeg


  1. a pointed instrument that is used to prod into a state of motion

    Synonyms : prod
    Type Of : device
  2. stab or urge on as if with a pointed stick

    Synonyms : prick
    Type Of : jab, stab
  3. give heart or courage to

    Synonyms : spur
    Type Of : encourage
  4. a verbalization that encourages you to attempt something

    Synonyms : goading, prod, prodding, spur, spurring, urging
    Type Of : encouragement
  5. annoy or provoke, as by constant criticism

    Synonyms : needle
    Type Of : plague, provoke, harass, harry, hassle, molest, beset, chevvy, chevy, chivvy, chivy
  6. urge with or as if with a goad

    Type Of : incite, prod, egg on


  1. devoid of warmth and cordiality; expressive of unfriendliness or disdain

    Synonyms : frigid, frosty, frozen, icy, wintry
    Examples :
    • a glacial handshake
  2. extremely cold

    Synonyms : arctic, frigid, gelid, icy, polar
    Examples :
    • glacial winds
  3. relating to or derived from a glacier

    Examples :
    • glacial deposit


  1. containing seeds of later development

    Synonyms : originative, seminal
  2. seventh month of the Revolutionary calendar (March and April); the month of buds

    Type Of : revolutionary calendar month


  1. relevant and appropriate

    Examples :
    • he asks questions that are germane and central to the issue


  1. a style of expressing yourself in writing

    Synonyms : literary genre, writing style
    Type Of : style, expressive style
  2. an expressive style of music

    Synonyms : music genre, musical genre, musical style
    Type Of : style, expressive style, music
  3. a class of art (or artistic endeavor) having a characteristic form or technique

    Type Of : fine art, art
  4. a kind of literary or artistic work

    Type Of : kind, sort, form, variety


  1. very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold

    Synonyms : cadaverous, emaciated, haggard, pinched, skeletal, wasted
    Examples :
    • a nightmare population of gaunt men and skeletal boys


  1. full of trivial conversation

    Synonyms : chatty, gabby, loquacious, talkative, talky